Tag Archives: ROMAN LYDIA

THE EPIGRAPHICAL SCIENCE AS A RESOURCE FOR ROMAN LYDIA AND PHRYGIA ANAPLASIS (Vlast)

(BEING CONTINUED FROM 5/04/17)   ended with a confession or a preliminary examination including giving an oath of innocence with a conditional self-curse. Taking an oath/depositing a curse meant giving the last word to the gods, who were expected to … Continue reading

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THE EPIGRAPHICAL SCIENCE AS A RESOURCE FOR ROMAN LYDIA AND PHRYGIA ANAPLASIS (IV)

(BEING CONTINUED FROM 20/04/16) I.3. Cult Associations An impressive number of cult associations are on record in Roman Lydia and Phrygia.94 All these associations occupied with the religious and material aspects of the sanctuary and composed mostly of individuals of … Continue reading

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THE EPIGRAPHICAL SCIENCE AS A RESOURCE FOR ROMAN LYDIA AND PHRYGIA ANAPLASIS (III)

(BEING CONTINUED FROM 28/06/15) I.2. Junior Cult PersonnelUnder this heading, I include the following categories: diakonoi, douloi tôn theôn, hierodouloi,hieroi, and hypotaktikoi theôn. Not only do they all have their place in Lydian and  Phrygian sanctuaries, but their legal and … Continue reading

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THE EPIGRAPHICAL SCIENCE AS A RESOURCE FOR ROMAN LYDIA AND PHRYGIA ANAPLASIS (II)

(BEING CONTINUED FROM 4/08/14) I.1. Senior Cult Officials At the head of the senior cult personnel of village shrines were priests and priestesses. Priests outnumbered the priestesses, especially in Phrygia; in both regions, husbands and wives are found sharing office, … Continue reading

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THE EPIGRAPHICAL SCIENCE AS A RESOURCE FOR ROMAN LYDIA AND PHRYGIA ANAPLASIS (I)

SOCIETY AND ECONOMY OF RURAL SANCTUARIES IN ROMAN LYDIA AND PHRYGIA In his oration Pro templis (written c. 386) addressed to the Emperor Theodosius, amid  vigorous protests against wanton destruction of pagan shrines by predatory monks, Libanius  offers a vivid … Continue reading

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