Tag Archives: BYZANTIUM

The Economic History of Byzantium: From the Seventh through the Fifteenth Century (XI)-Economic Thought and Ideology

(BEING CONTINUED FROM  3/1/19) (TO BE CONTINUED) /1133 Angeliki E. Laiou NOTES

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EAST ROMANS or ROOMANIANS CULTURAL NOMOI AND ORDER (5)

(BEING CONTINUED FROM 7/11/18) Outside of this (admittedly not widespread in the sources) 50-nomismata definition of poverty as a qualification to serve as a witness, there appears to have been no officially-accepteddefinition of what conditions were necessary to designate a party “poor” or … Continue reading

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The Economic History of Byzantium: From the Seventh through the Fifteenth Century (X)-Economic Thought and Ideology

(BEING CONTINUED FROM  26/11/17) In Byzantium, as in the Roman Empire, the laws governing exchange were predicated upon the idea of free contractual negotiation. In law, exchanges are made, and the sale price is established, through negotiation between competent parties, … Continue reading

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EAST ROMANS or ROOMANIANS CULTURAL NOMOI AND ORDER (4)

(BEING CONTINUED FROM 17/08/17) V. Orthodox Christian Elements of Middle Byzantine Jurisprudence Along with Roman Law, the precepts and teachings of Orthodox Christianity constituted the second major component of Middle Byzantine jurisprudence. Although Roman law had been Christianized since the … Continue reading

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The Economic History of Byzantium: From the Seventh through the Fifteenth Century (IX)-Economic Thought and Ideology

(BEING CONTINUED FROM  4/09/16) St. Neilos wished to test the commitment of the monks of St. Adrian, a monastery he had founded near Rossano in Calabria, and to teach them “to prefer submission to life itself.” He therefore conceived a … Continue reading

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EAST ROMANS or ROOMANIANS CULTURAL NOMOI AND ORDER (3)

(BEING CONTINUED FROM 27/02/16) IV. Sources Why then is the concept of legal culture particularly suited to the study of law in the Middle Byzantine period? This approach was chosen, in part, because it can be employed with the types … Continue reading

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The Economic History of Byzantium: From the Seventh through the Fifteenth Century (VIII)

(BEING CONTINUED FROM  10/03/15) Economic Thought and Ideology The economic thought and the economic ideology of the Byzantines have not yet been the object of detailed study, even though some scholars have written on specific aspects of the ideology that … Continue reading

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EAST ROMANS or ROOMANIANS CULTURAL NOMOI AND ORDER (2)

(BEING CONTINUED FROM 25/04/15) II. Methodology: The Term  Legal Culture   and Its Applicability to Middle Byzantine Law Legal culture is a somewhat amorphous concept which is used primarily in the fields of Legal anthropology and the sociology of the law. … Continue reading

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The Economic History of Byzantium: From the Seventh through the Fifteenth Century (VIII)

(BEING CONTINUED FROM  10/03/15) Laodicaea in  Syria, Tyre, Dor, and Gaza, and especially Caesarea, restored, according to Prokopios,by Anastasios I (491–518), were still active export centers. Alexandria—the annonary  port for Constantinople and the outlet for the eastern spice trade—seems to … Continue reading

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EAST ROMANS or ROOMANIANS CULTURAL NOMOI AND ORDER (1)

“Βιωφελές τι χρῆμα καὶ σπουδαιότατον οὐ μόνον βασιλεῦσιν ἀλλὰ καὶ ἰδιώταις ἡ  παίδευσις. καὶ γὰρ τοὺς κεκτημένους αὐτὴν καὶ κατὰ ψυχὴν καὶ κατὰ σῶμα τὰ μέγιστα ὠφελεῖ,τὸ μὲν διὰ τῆς μελέτης τῶν σπουδαίων λόγων, τὸ δὲ διὰ τῆς γυμνασίας τῶν … Continue reading

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The Economic History of Byzantium: From the Seventh through the Fifteenth Century (VII)

(BEING CONTINUED FROM  27/06/14)    8. Map of storage facilities uncovered south of the Crusader wall and reconstruction of a granary in  Caesarea (after J. Patrich, “Warehouse and Granaries in Caesarea Maritima,” in Caesarea Maritima:A Retrospective after Two Millennia, ed. … Continue reading

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The Economic History of Byzantium: From the Seventh through the Fifteenth Century (VI)

(BEING CONTINUED FROM  26/09/13) Food of Animal Origin Livestock, both large and small, held an important place in the Mediterranean world.Its character varied considerably according to the importance of pasturage. Thessaly,Epiros, Thrace, and the plains and plateaus of Asia Minor … Continue reading

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The Economic History of Byzantium: From the Seventh through the Fifteenth Century (V)

(BEING CONTINUED FROM 4/01/13) Agricultural ProductionProductsAgricultural products of the Mediterranean region during the sixth century were identical  with the products of antiquity. A few examples taken from the north and south of   the empire will suffice. Wheat was produced in … Continue reading

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THE NEW ROME’S THEATER AND THE PASCHON ARNION

(to be continued)26 Sandro Sticca /1974 SOURCE  http://www.jstor.org

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The Economic History of Byzantium: From the Seventh through the Fifteenth Century (IV)

(BEING CONTINUED FROM 31/05/12) The Impoverishment of CitiesThe progressive degradation of the cities is clearly perceptible through excavation and  is characterized by a break with “urban logic.” Thoroughfares became dominated by  shoddy and partitioned structures. The intent of public monuments … Continue reading

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