U.S. COMMERCIAL SPACE LAUNCH COMPETITIVENESS ACT (1)


Section 106 of the U.S. Commercial Space Launch Competitiveness Act specifies the U.S. federal courts as having “exclusive jurisdiction” to commercial space activities when companies voluntarily submit to U.S. jurisdiction:
(g) Federal jurisdiction.—Any claim by a third party or space flight participant for death, bodily injury, or property damage or loss resulting from an activity carried out under the license shall be the exclusive jurisdiction of the Federal courts.

Effectively this act of Congress, which was signed by President Barack Obama on November 25, granted legal protection to companies alleged to be involved in slave labor abuses on Mars and in space.

E.N.

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129 STAT. 704 PUBLIC LAW 114–90—NOV. 25, 2015

Public Law 114–90

114th Congress

An Act To facilitate a pro-growth environment for the developing commercial space industry by encouraging private sector investment and creating more stable and predictable regulatory conditions, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

SECTION 1.

SHORT TITLE;

TABLE OF CONTENTS;

REFERENCES.

(a) SHORT TITLE.—This Act may be cited as the ‘‘U.S. Commercial Space Launch Competitiveness Act’’.

(b) TABLE OF CONTENTS.—The table of contents of this Act is as follows: Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents; references.

TITLE I—SPURRING PRIVATE AEROSPACE COMPETITIVENESS AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP

Sec. 101. Short title.

Sec. 102. International launch competitiveness.

Sec. 103. Indemnification for space flight participants.

Sec. 104. Launch license flexibility.

Sec. 105. Licensing report.

Sec. 106. Federal jurisdiction.

Sec. 107. Cross waivers.

Sec. 108. Space authority.

Sec. 109. Orbital traffic management.

Sec. 110. Space surveillance and situational awareness data.

Sec. 111. Consensus standards and extension of certain safety regulation requirements.

Sec. 112. Government astronauts.

Sec. 113. Streamline commercial space launch activities.

Sec. 114. Operation and utilization of the ISS.

Sec. 115. State commercial launch facilities.

Sec. 116. Space support vehicles study.

Sec. 117. Space launch system update.

TITLE II—COMMERCIAL REMOTE SENSING

Sec. 201. Annual reports.

Sec. 202. Statutory update report.

TITLE III—OFFICE OF SPACE COMMERCE

Sec. 301. Renaming of office of space commercialization.

Sec. 302. Functions of the office of space commerce.

TITLE IV—SPACE RESOURCE EXPLORATION AND UTILIZATION

Sec. 401. Short title.

Sec. 402. Title 51 amendment.

Sec. 403. Disclaimer of extraterritorial sovereignty.

(c) REFERENCES TO TITLE 51, UNITED STATES CODE.—Except as otherwise expressly provided, wherever in this Act an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to be made to a section or other provision of title 51, United States Code.

TITLE I—SPURRING PRIVATE AEROSPACE COMPETITIVENESS AND ENTREPRENEURSHIP SEC. 101.

SHORT TITLE. This title may be cited as the ‘‘Spurring Private Aerospace Competitiveness and Entrepreneurship Act of 2015’’ or ‘‘SPACE Act of 2015’’.

SEC. 102. INTERNATIONAL LAUNCH COMPETITIVENESS.

(a) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—It is the sense of Congress that it is in the public interest to update the methodology used to calculate the maximum probable loss from claims under section 50914 of title 51, United States Code, with a validated risk profile approach in order to consistently compute valid and reasonable maximum probable loss values.

(b) IMPLEMENTATION.—Not later than 180 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation, in consultation with the commercial space sector and insurance providers, shall—

(1) evaluate the methodology used to calculate the maximum probable loss from claims under section 50914 of title 51, United States Code, and, if necessary, develop a plan to update that methodology;

(2) in evaluating or developing a plan under paragraph (1)— (A) ensure that the Federal Government is not exposed to greater costs than intended and that launch companies are not required to purchase more insurance coverage than necessary; and (B) consider the impact of the cost to both the industry and the Government of implementing an updated methodology; and (3) submit the evaluation, and any plan, to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives.

(c) INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT.—Not later than 270 days after the date the evaluation is submitted under subsection (b)(3), the Comptroller General shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives an assessment of—

(1) the analysis and conclusions provided by the Secretary of Transportation in the evaluation, and any plan, under subsection (b);

(2) the implementation schedule proposed by the Secretary in the plan described in paragraph (1);

(3) the suitability of the plan described in paragraph (1) for implementation; and (4) any further actions needed to implement the plan described in paragraph (1) or otherwise accomplish the purpose of this section.

(d) LAUNCH LIABILITY EXTENSION.—Section 50915(f) is amended by striking ‘‘December 31, 2016’’ and inserting ‘‘September 30, 2025’’.

SEC. 103. INDEMNIFICATION FOR SPACE FLIGHT PARTICIPANTS.

(a) IN GENERAL.—Chapter 509 is amended— (1) in section 50914(a)— (A) in paragraph (4), by adding at the end the following: ‘‘(E) space flight participants.’’; and (B) by adding at the end the following: ‘‘(5) Subparagraph (E) of paragraph (4) ceases to be effective September 30, 2025.’’; and (2) in section 50915(a)— (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘a licensee or transferee under this chapter, a contractor, subcontractor, or customer of the licensee or transferee, or a contractor or subcontractor of a customer, but not against a space flight participant,’’ and inserting ‘‘a person described in paragraph (3)(A)’’; and (B) by adding at the end the following: ‘‘(3)(A) A person described in this subparagraph is— ‘‘(i) a licensee or transferee under this chapter; ‘‘(ii) a contractor, subcontractor, or customer of the licensee or transferee; ‘‘(iii) a contractor or subcontractor of a customer; or ‘‘(iv) a space flight participant. ‘‘(B) Clause (iv) of subparagraph (A) ceases to be effective September 30, 2025.’’.

SEC. 104. LAUNCH LICENSE FLEXIBILITY. Section 50906 is amended—

(1) in subsection (d)— (A) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘that will be launched or reentered’’ and inserting ‘‘or reusable launch vehicles that will be launched into a suborbital trajectory or reentered under that permit’’; (B) by amending paragraph (1) to read as follows: ‘‘(1) research and development to test design concepts, equipment, or operating techniques;’’; and (C) in paragraph (3)— (i) by striking ‘‘prior to obtaining a license’’; and (ii) by inserting ‘‘or vehicle’’ after ‘‘design of the rocket’’;

(2) in subsection (e)— (A) in paragraph (1), by striking ‘‘suborbital rocket design’’ and inserting ‘‘suborbital rocket or suborbital rocket design, or for a particular reusable launch vehicle or reusable launch vehicle design,’’; and (B) in paragraph (2), by inserting ‘‘or launch vehicle’’ after ‘‘the suborbital rocket’’;

(3) by amending subsection (g) to read as follows: ‘‘(g) The Secretary may issue a permit under this section notwithstanding any license issued under this chapter. The issuance of a license under this chapter may not invalidate a permit issued under this section.’’; and 51 USC 50906.

(4) in subsection (h), by inserting ‘‘or reusable launch vehicle’’ after ‘‘suborbital rocket’’.

SEC. 105. LICENSING REPORT. Not later than 120 days after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Transportation shall submit to the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation of the Senate and the Committee on Science, Space, and Technology of the House of Representatives a report on approaches for streamlining the licensing and permitting process of launch vehicles, reentry vehicles, or components of launch or reentry vehicles, to enable non-launch flight operations related to space transportation. The report shall include approaches to improve efficiency, reduce unnecessary costs, resolve inconsistencies, remove duplication, and minimize unwarranted constraints. The report shall also include an assessment of existing private and government infrastructure, as appropriate, in future licensing activities.

SEC. 106. FEDERAL JURISDICTION. Section 50914 is amended by adding at the end the following: ‘‘(g) FEDERAL JURISDICTION.—Any claim by a third party or space flight participant for death, bodily injury, or property damage or loss resulting from an activity carried out under the license shall be the exclusive jurisdiction of the Federal courts.’’.

SEC. 107. CROSS WAIVERS. Section 50914(b)(1) is amended to read as follows: ‘‘(1)(A) A launch or reentry license issued or transferred under this chapter shall contain a provision requiring the licensee or transferee to make a reciprocal waiver of claims with applicable parties involved in launch services or reentry services under which each party to the waiver agrees to be responsible for personal injury to, death of, or property damage or loss sustained by it or its own employees resulting from an activity carried out under the applicable license.

‘‘(B) In this paragraph, the term ‘applicable parties’ means— ‘‘(i) contractors, subcontractors, and customers of the licensee or transferee; ‘‘(ii) contractors and subcontractors of the customers; and ‘‘(iii) space flight participants.

‘‘(C) Clause (iii) of subparagraph (B) ceases to be effective September 30, 2025.’’.

(TO BE CONTINUED)

SOURCE https://congress.gov/

About sooteris kyritsis

Job title: (f)PHELLOW OF SOPHIA Profession: RESEARCHER Company: ANTHROOPISMOS Favorite quote: "ITS TIME FOR KOSMOPOLITANS(=HELLINES) TO FLY IN SPACE." Interested in: Activity Partners, Friends Fashion: Classic Humor: Friendly Places lived: EN THE HIGHLANDS OF KOSMOS THROUGH THE DARKNESS OF AMENTHE
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