ENGLISH WORDS OF NO APPARENT GREEK ORIGIN (MEROS ITH)


(CONTINUED FROM  15/07/17)
Α)Ι ΝΟΣΤΡΙ ΔΙΑΛΕΤΤΙ ΣΟΝΟ ΙΝ ΣΚΡΙΤΤΙ ΚΙ ΟΥΖΑΝΟ ΛΕΤΤΕΡΙ ΔΙ ΑΛΦΑΒΕΤΙ  ΧΑΛΚΙΔΙΤΣΙ,   ΙΟΝΙΤΣΙ Ε ΚΙΡΙΛΙΤΣΙ

Β)DEN  PROSPATHOUME NA  APODEIKSOUME OTI TA PANTA PROERCHONTAI APO TOYS HELLEENAS ALLA NA TONISOUME,OTI SCHEDON OLA TA LEKSIKA STAMATOUN STEEN GALLIKEEN EE STEEN LATINIKEE LEKSIN KAI DEN ANAPHEROUN TEEN PRAGMATIKEE RIZA.

Γ)УИ  ДОНТ  ТРАИ ТО ПРУВ  ДАТ ЕВЕРИТИНГ  КОМЅ  ФРОМ ДЕ ГРИКС  БАТ УИ  ЕНТОНЕ  ДАТ АЛМОСТ ОЛ  ЛЕКСИКА-ДИКТИОНАРИЅ  СТОП ОН ФРАНЦ ОР  ЛАТИН УОРД ЕНД  АРЕН’Т  МЕНТИОНИНГ ДЕ РЕАЛ РУТ .

Etymology of brillinat

Brilliant comes from the French brilliant (sparkling, shining) from the Italian brillare (sparkle, whirl), from the Latin berillare (to shine like a beryl), from berillus (beryl, precious stone), from the Latin beryllus, which is a transliteration of the Greek beryllos [beryl, precious stone; Gr: βήρυλλος].

.
In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) beryllos (or better pronounced as viryllos): beryl [Gr: βήρυλλος]
b) beryllio: beryllium (Be) [Gr: βηρύλλιο]
c) brilanti (or brigianti): diampond, brilliant [Gr: μπριλάντι]
.
Fr: briller, brillantine, brillant; It: brillare; Grm: Brillant, Brille
_________________________ Post 195. _____________________
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Etymology of mariner, marine

Mariner comes from the old French marinier, from the Latin marinus (fem. marina) [of the sea], from mare (gen. maris) [sea], which, most likely, comes from the Greek stem-word myra (sea), from myro [flow, drip; Gr: μύρω]. See also post 193 “etymology of myriad”

.
In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) plemyra:
over-flow, flood [Gr: πλημμύρα] (pleion+myra);
b) almyra: saltiness, lt. salt of the sea (als+myra); [Gr: αλμύρα]
c) almyrici: small tree near the sea (genus Tamarix, salt cedar); [Gr: αλμυρίκι]
.
__________________________ Post 194. ________________________
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Etymology of myriad

The word myriad comes from the old French myriade, from the Latin myrias (gen. myriadis) “ten thousand,” which id a transliteration of the Greek myrias (gen. myriados) [ten thousand; Gr: μυριάς]. The word myrias derives from myra (sea; Lat: mare).

.
In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) myriada: myriad [Gr: μυριάδα]
b) myro: scent, perfume, aromatic oil, myrrh [Gr: μύρο]
.
Fr: myriade; It: miriade; Sp: miriada; Grm: Myriade
From myrias also deriaves the Latin word mile/mille (thousand).
.
From the root-word myra (sea) derive many modern Greek words like: plemyra [over-flow, flood; Gr: πλημμύρα; (pleion+myra], almyra [saltiness, lt. salt of the sea (als+myra); Gr: αλμύρα] and one source even etymologizes the name Myriam from myra (Lady of the sea).
_______________________ Post 193.  _______________________
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Etymology of sketch

The word sketch (rough drawing intended to serve as the bases for a finished picture), comes from the Italian schizzo (sketch, drawing), from the Latin schedium (an extemporaneous poem), from the Greek schedios (temporary, extemporaneous) [Gr: σχέδιος].

___
In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) schedio: drawing, sketch, design [Gr: σχέδιο]
b) schediastis:
draughtsman, designer, sketcher [Gr: σχεδιαστής]
c) schediasi:
drawing, sketching, planning designing [Gr: σχεδίαση]
d) schediazo:
v sketch, draw, plan, lay out, design [Gr: σχεδιάζω]
_____________________________ Post 199._______________

_____________________________________________________

Η λέξη sketch (σκετς) προέρχεται από το Ιταλικό schizzo από το Λατινικό schedium (σχέδιο, αυτοσχέδιο ποίημα) από το ελληνικό σχέδιος.

 

Etymology of calm

The word calm (tranquility, quiet, peace) comes from the old French calme, from the Italian calma, from the Latin cauma (heat of the mid-day sun), which is a transliteration of the Greek kauma [Gr: καύμα] from the verb kaio (pronounced as keo), to burn [Gr: καίω]. Spelling influenced by L. calere “to be hot”.

___
In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) kauma (pronounced as kavma): heat of the mid-day sun [Gr: καύμα]
b) keo: to burn [Gr: καίω]
c) encaustiki: encaustic [Gr: εγκαυστική]
d) encauma: n burn, scald [Gr: έγκαυμα]

 

Etymology of beret

Beret (cap; earlier, berret) is from the diminutive form birretum of the Latin birrus (large hooded cloak). Its name derived from the red colour [burrus: red] of the wool of which it was made. Burrus is merely a transliteration of the Greek word pyrros [Gr: πυρρός] meaning red, the colour of the fire, from pyr [Gr: πύρ], fire.


In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) pyr: n. fire [Gr: πυρ]
b) pyrosvestis: fireman, fire fighter [Gr: πυροσβέστης]
c) pyrotechnima: firework, pyrotechnics [Gr: πυροτέχνημα]
d) pyrotechnurgos: pyrotechnist [Gr: πυροτεχνουργός]
e) pyromanis: pyromaniac [Gr: πυρομανής]
f) pyrolysi: pyrolysis [Gr: πυρόλυση]
g) pyrovolo: to shoot, fire, gun [Gr: πυροβολώ]
h) pyrkayia: n. fire, conflagration [Gr: πυρκαγιά]
i) beres: beret [Gr: μπερές]; loanworn

 

.

Etymology of super and over

Both super and over come from the Latin super, which merely is a transliteration of the Greek yper/hyper [over, super; Gr: υπέρ].

In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca):
a) yper: super, over, hyper- [Gr: υπέρ]
Post 207. _

.

 

Etymology of triumph

Triumph comes from the old French triumphe from the Latin triumphus (achievement, a success, procession for a victorious general or admiral), which merely is a transliteration of the Greek thriambos.

In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca):
a) thriamvos: triumph [Gr: θρίαμβος]
Post 206. 

 

Etymology of unity, union, unit

The word unity comes from the French unite, from Latin unitatem, from unus (one) from the Greek oenos (one). See also “Etymology of one” here.

From the same root: union, unit

 

Etymology of unique

The word unique (single, solitary) comes from the French unique, from the Latin unicus (single, sole), from unus (one), from the Greek oenos (one). See also “Etymology of one” here.

Post 204. More _

Etymology of one

Posted by Johannes on 10 December 2011

The word one comes from the Latin unus, which in turn derives from the Greek oenos [one, ace in dice; Gr: οινός].
Note: Some etymologize unus from the gen. enos of eis [one; Gr: εις].

From the same root: unity, unique.

In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca):
a) enas:
one [Gr: ένας]
b) enotita: unity [Gr: ενότητα]
Post 203. _

 

Etymology of labor

The verb labor (perform manual or physical work; work hard, take pains) comes from the French labourer, from the Latin laborate/labor, which most probably derives from the Greek verb lamvano/lavo (to undertake; Gr: λαμβάνω).

Note: Some etymologize labor from the Greek word laepsiros [one who runs very fast, agile, speedy; la+aepsiros; Gr: λαιψηρός, λα+αιψηρός].

From the same root: laboratory, laborious, collaborate, collaboration.

In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca)
a) lamvano: receive, take, get, obtain [Gr: λαμβάνω]
b) analamvano: undertake, resume, retake [Gr: αναλαμβάνω]
c) syllamvano: arrest, catch, take, capture [Gr: συλλαμβάνω]
d) lipsi: receiving, receipt, reception, taking [Gr: λήψη]

Post 202. _

 

See also: Luke 10:40 “Κύριε, οὐ μέλει σοι ὅτι ἡ ἀδελφή μου μόνην με κατέλιπε διακονεῖν; εἰπὲ οὖν αὐτῇ ἵνα μοι συν-αντι-λάβηται.” , “…Tell her to help me (to work with me, to com-laborate/to collaborate with me)”

Etymology of latex

The word latex (liquid, body fluid) comes from the Latin latex (gen. laticis; liquid, fluid), which derives from the Greek latax (dregs, the remnant of wine flung into a vessel or on the ground; Gr: λάταξ).

In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca):
a) latex: latex [loanword; Gr: λάτεξ]
_______________________ Post 201. ___________________

 

Etymology of donation

The word donation comes from the Old French donacion from the Latin donationem (nom. donatio) from donum/dorum (gift), which derives from the Greek doron [gift; Gr: δώρον].

From the same root: donate, donator, donatory

In modern Greek (Romeika, Rumca):
a) doro: gift [Gr: δώρο]
b) dorizo: donate, to make a gift [Gr: δωρίζω]
c) doritis: giver, donator [Gr: δωρητής]
d) dorea: donation, gift [Gr: δωρεά]
e) dorean: gratis, free (of charge) [Gr: δωρεάν]
_____________________ Post 200 ___________________________

 

(TO BE CONTINUED ) SEPOKTNOEDEK11

Some sources

1. Lemon GW. English Etymology or, a Derivative Dictionary of the English Language: in two Alphabets. Robinson G eds. London M.DCC.LXXXIII.
2. Valpy F.E.J. Dictionary of the Latin Language. Longman and Co. London, 1828.
3. Κούβελας ΒΑ. Ετυμολογικό και Ερμηνευτικό Λεξικό της Λατινικής Γλώσσας. Μακεδονικές Εκδ. Αθήνα, 2002, [ISBN 960-319-224-4].
4. Online Etymology Dictionary [ http://www.etymonline.com/ ]
5. Σταματάκος Ι. Λεξικόν της Αρχαίας Ελληνικής Γλώσσης. Εκδ. Δεδεμάδη. Αθήνα, 2006.
6. Τζιροπούλου-Ευσταθίου Α. Έλλην Λόγος. Εκδ Γεωργιάδης. Αθήνα, 2003, [ISBN 960-316-190-Χ].

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