(BEING CONTINUED FROM 23/02/17)
ROADS TO TITANE
carts’ (FIG. 18).33 The second route followed the ‘direct road’ to Phlious along the Asopos
river (R3) before branching off towards Titane. The nature of the terrain here, mainly
marls, is unfavourable to the preservation of wheel-ruts, and it is therefore not known
whether this stretch could have accommodated wagons or not. We are on safer ground
regarding the two other roads to Titane. One originated from the Sikyonian plateau and
followed the high ridge between the Helisson and the Asopos river valleys to Titane (R7).
Traces of the road, including deeply cut wheel-ruts and low terracing walls, can be seen
below the hill of Agios Tryphon and at Xerokastelli to the south-west of the Sikyonian
plateau (FIGS1. 9-20). Finally, a fourth route to Titane deviated from the road to Stymphalos at Thekriza to the west of Sikyon (Rio). I found wheel-ruts and rock cuttings for the bedding of the road in several places between Thekriza and Titane, and again the depth of the ruts indicates the frequent use of this road in antiquity (FIG. 21). The number and nature of these roads, then, suggest that the sanctuary of Titane was indeed the chief landmark of the χωρα of the Sikyonians and a rallying point for its population.
FIG. 19. Segment of the ancient road (R7) at Sesi (source: author).
FIG. 20. Wheel-ruts of the ancient road below the hill of Agios Tryphon (source: author).
FIG. 21. Wheel-ruts of the ancient road (Rio) at Melisiklias (source: author).
(TO BE CONTINUED)
Department of History,Archaeology and Social Anthropology,University of Thessaly
YANNIS A. LOLOS
33 In recent centuries and up until the Second World War, this path was used by the residents of the areas to the east of the Asopos in order to reach Titane and the
plain of Kaisari. See the extended discussion of these roads in Lolos, Land.