AI ARCHEOLOGIKAI EEMETERAI SCHOLAI KALOUNTAI OOS ORGANOTHOUN SYNERGAZOMENAI META TOON HYPOLOIPOON HETAIROON,PROS EKSKAFAS EKSOOTHEN (X)


(BEING CONTINUED FROM  22/04/16)

A)Roman Mosaics in Risan – 2nd century AD

Risan was under Roman occupation from the 1st to the 4th century AD. Its Latin name was Rhison and it had the status of a municipum.  Citizens of the municipium had same rights as citizens of Rome, one of the most important being the voting right. Construction and urbanization of Rhisonium were particularly developed during the time of the Flavians and continued progressing throughout the following century, i.e. the time of the Antonini, who ruled from 96 to 192 AD, the period in which the Roman Villa in Risan is believed to have been built. The Roman mosaics represent remnants of the Roman Villa Urbana from the end of the 2nd century AD. The mosaics were mentioned for the first time by a member of the French Army, Viala de Sommier in his documents called Les Mosaiques romaines, from 1820. Afterwards, they were discovered by the Director of the Museum of Cetinje, DušanVuksan, in 1930. Namely, a complex covering area of 790m² with five rooms decorated with mosaics was discovered. In the period of 1957 to 1959, its conservation, restoration and presentation were fully completed. Decades afterwards, in 2004 two more mosaics were discovered by a research archaeological center from Warsaw, and it was published on their website. Apart from the mentioned mosaics, one more was found in a vicinity of the VasoĆuković Hospital,

as well as a part of another small mosaic from the Illyrian period in Carine. The last restoration was carried out in 2007, in cooperation with the USAID, the Tourism Organization of Kotor and the Government of Montenegro.

B)British holidaymaker discovers lost underwater ‘city

By Lawrence Marzouk  /2009

Michael Le Quesne, 16, was swimming off a popular beach in Montenegro with his parents and his ten-year-old sister Teodora when he spotted an odd looking ‘stone’ at a depth of around two metres.

It turned out to be a large, submerged building which may have been the centrepiece of an important Greek or Roman trading post, swallowed up by the sea during a massive earthquake.

A British team of experts led by Dr Lucy Blue, presenter of BBC Two show Oceans, is to investigate the significant find in this largely unexplored corner of south east Europe.

Dr Blue said that if the discovery is confirmed to be an underwater temple it would “put Montenegro on the map”.

She added: “Montenegro is largely an undiscovered underwater world.”

The discovery was made while Charles and Vera Le Quesne and their two children, from Princes Risborough, Bucks, was on a trip to their holiday home in the tiny Balkan country last month.

The family has been holidaying in Montenegro since 1994, but had never visited Maljevik, a small bay of sand and shingle, sheltered by pines, near the city of Bar.

Once his son reported the find, Mr Le Quesne, a professional archaeologist, fetched a snorkel and dived down to investigate. He discovered fluted columns, 90cm in diameter, on plinths, which appeared to form part of an ancient Greek or Roman temple, basilica or major public building, similar to those at other archaeological sites around the Mediterranean.

On a clear day, the columns are visible from the surface of the water, but it appears that the remains, which include ancient pottery, have stayed untouched for thousands of years.

Michael said: “When I first swam out, I thought they were just rocks, as most people would, but then I noticed that they were cylindrical and knew that they couldn’t be natural, so I called my dad over.

“I’ve been dragged around a lot of ancient ruins, so if it hadn’t been for that I wouldn’t have looked twice.”

The potential size of the structure and the discovery of other architectural remains nearby suggest the ‘temple’ could have formed part of a large Greek or Roman settlement, dating back as far as the 2nd century BC.

No historical records exist of a major settlement on the site, although the Montenegrin coast is dotted with ancient ruins yet to be documented.

The discovery has been described as “something that could rouse curiosity in the world of science” by Mladen Zagar?anin, the curator of the museum in Bar and archaeologist, who inspected the site the following day.

Work on site later this month as Mr Le Quesne returns to Montenegro as part of a team working for the University of Southampton’s Department of Maritime Archaeology.

Dr Blue and Professor David Peacock, both of the department, will join Mr Le Quesne to explore the underwater settlement next spring.

Mr Le Quesne, an archaeology expert and author on the subject, said: “If it is a monumental building it is not going to be part of a small hamlet, but it is not a missing Atlantis, as we would already know about it. It remains a bit of a mystery.”

“The area was an important, ancient trading route, so it may have been a port.

“There are ancient shipwrecks all along this coast which, unfortunately, are being damaged and looted and which need protecting.”

In recent years, Montenegro’s rich, unexplored ancient history has lured organised crime gangs, which have flourished in the region since the collapse of Yugoslavia in the 1990s. Valuable Roman and Greek pottery from shipwrecks is being plundered and sold to collectors in western Europe, it is believed.

So far, 2009 has proved an exciting year for underwater archaeology in Montenegro, which is promoting its stunning coastline as a tourism hot spot while building a reputation as a cut-price version of Monaco thanks to a relaxed tax regime.

Before the discovery of the ancient temple, a local team working alongside American experts discovered the remains of two Roman cargo ships at the bottom of Kotor Bay, one of Montenegro most popular tourist attractions.

C)Des archéologues ont trouvé des pièces de la Rome Antique… au Japon

ARCHITECTURE – Si certains doutaient encore du rayonnement de la Rome Antique, voilà qui devrait mettre fin à leurs dernières résistances. Un groupe d’archéologues vient en effet de mettre au jour une dizaine de pièces de cette époque, retrouvées dans les ruines d’un antique château… japonais. De quoi alimenter toutes les spéculations sur la façon dont ces pièces ont traversé plus de 9000 km (et un bout d’océan Pacifique).

Depuis 2013, des archéologues japonais de la ville d’Uruma, située sur l’île d’Okinawa à mi-chemin entre Taiwan et le Japon, travaillent sur les ruines du château Katsuren, inscrit au patrimoine mondial de l’Unesco. Alors qu’il pensait identifier des objets traditionnels comme des pièces d’armures de samouraï, Toshio Tsukamoto, chercheur au département des biens culturels, s’est aperçu qu’il s’agissait en réalité de pièces de monnaie.

“J’ai travaillé sur des sites d’excavation en Egypte et en Italie, et j’ai vu beaucoup de pièces de monnaies romaines auparavant, donc je les ai reconnues immédiatement” a-t-il confiéaux journalistes de CNN.

Four Roman coins dating to the 3rd and 4th centuries A.D. have been found in the ruins of a castle in Japan https://t.co/E6XBCnKGiy pic.twitter.com/Xj5XGm5oMV

— Archaeology Magazine (@archaeologymag) 27 septembre 2016

Les pièces ont rapidement été envoyées à l’université internationale d’Okinawa pour être expertisées. “Je ne pouvais pas croire qu’ils avaient trouvé des pièces de la Rome Antique dans le château de Kasturen”, a raconté, stupéfait, l’archéologue Hiroyuki Miyagi sur CNN. “Je pensais qu’il s’agissait de répliques qui avaient été jetées là par des touristes.”

Mais après un examen aux rayons X, les résultats sont formels : quatre pièces, d’un diamètre d’environ 2 centimètres, proviennent bien de l’époque de l’Antiquité, entre le III et le IVeme siècle après Jésus-Christ. Une pièce datant de l’Empire Ottoman a également été identifiée et datée en 1687, ainsi que quatre autres disques métalliques du XVIIe siècle.

L’hypothèse des échanges commerciaux avancée

Bien qu’il soit délicat d’établir précisément l’origine de ces pièces, le porte-parole du Département d’Education de la ville d’Uruma, Masaki Yokou, semble miser sur les nombreux échanges commerciaux de l’île avec les pays asiatiques voisins pour expliquer la présence de ces pièces. “Nous ne pensons pas qu’il y ait un lien direct entre l’empire romain et le château de Katsuren, mais la découverte confirme les relations commerciales entre la région et le reste de l’Asie”, a-t-il expliqué à CNN. En effet, au milieu de XVème siècle, le château de Katsuren a connu un âge d’or, où les échanges de marchandises par voies maritimes étaient particulièrement intenses. Mais le bâtiment a toutefois été envahi et détruit dès 1458.

De ce fait, le mystère concernant la pièce ottomane reste entier, la pièce datée en 1687 étant postérieure à la destruction du château de Katsuren. Mais les chercheurs comme le porte-parole privilégient également la piste des échanges commerciaux, sans véritable certitude pour autant. Des analyses plus poussées et peut-être la découverte d’autres objets sur le site pourraient permettre d’en savoir davantage sur la présence de ces pièces. En attendant, elle sont exposées au Musée d’histoire de la ville d’Uruma jusqu’au 25 novembre prochain, comme l’indique le site The Japan Times.

 

 

(TO BE CONTINUED)

SOURCE  http://www.risanmosaics.me/ , http://www.telegraph.co.uk/ ,http://www.huffingtonpost.fr/

EUCHARISTOOMEN ALEKSANDRA EK MAUROBOUNIOU ORMOOMENE

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About sooteris kyritsis

Job title: (f)PHELLOW OF SOPHIA Profession: RESEARCHER Company: ANTHROOPISMOS Favorite quote: "ITS TIME FOR KOSMOPOLITANS(=HELLINES) TO FLY IN SPACE." Interested in: Activity Partners, Friends Fashion: Classic Humor: Friendly Places lived: EN THE HIGHLANDS OF KOSMOS THROUGH THE DARKNESS OF AMENTHE
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