THE CELTIC TRI-(BU/BHU/PHU/)PHY-LAI (A)


 
CELTS
This List of Celtic tribes are as follows;
  • the Aduatuci tribe – L Meuse R. Their name means “people who live next to the water”.  The Aduatuci or Atuatuci Germanic and Gallic peoples. were, according to Caesar, a tribe formed in east Belgium from descendants of the (proto-)Germanic Celts called the Cimbri , Teutones, and Ambrones tribes. In Date: 57  B.C.E. the Aduatuci sent troops to assist the  the fearsome Nervii, (Nervians) with the Atrebates, and the Veromandui, in the Battle of the Sabis.  These tribes were forming against Ceasar on the opposite side of the Sambre River.  History could have been changed as the Romans were almost wiped out if it weren’t for two legions that happened to be arriving on a returning baggage train. and the cavalry also returned  The Aduatuci arrive late and were later defeated by the Romans after withdrawing to a fortified Aduatuci city. During the night however, thinking that the Romans would lower their guard in light of the surrender, the Aduatuci stormed the Roman lines hoping to catch them by surprise. The attempt failed and nearly 4,000 men were killed with the rest retreating to the fort. In the first of many perceived brutalities Caesar would be merciless with the Belgae who betrayed him. The next day the Romans stormed the fort capturing it quickly. He then claimed that 53,000 people were captured and sold into slavery, virtually wiping out the Aduatuci.
  • the Aeduii Tribe – (also called Haedui or Hedui)  from today’s central France – French Celts.  They had rituals adopted from the Greco-Roman culture.  Way before the Cesar era, this tribe had already attached themselves to the Romans, and were considered blood kinsmen of the Roman people. The Sequani tribe was their neigbours on their other side, and as with all Celtic tribes, they continually warred with.  When Ceasar came they turned to their own people, surprisingly against Rome, even though in 58 BCE he restored their independence.  Once they saw they were losing, they returned their allegiance to Rome.  The Aedui were the first to receive from Emperor Claudius the distinction of ‘jus honorum’ (the rights to vote and to office). There is evidence where they adopted a Roman type political system where there was a ‘magistrate’.  The Chief magistrate of the Aedui was called Vegobretus (which if I remember correctly what i read somewhere, means “judgment worker”. This position was elected annually, and possessed powers of life and death, but was forbidden to go beyond the people living in their own area. The Aedui (tribe) means “living sun fire people”. Divitiacus is a famous Druid of the Aedui who supported Rome.  Was a Senator for his tribe and escaped a massacre by the forces of the Sequani tribe.
  • the Albini tribe – means ‘White moon people’ and they lived by mountains with a similar name Albanese mountains.
  • the Allarte tribe -name became Allard, Alhers, Allart, D’Alare and many other variations today.  They were from tribes around the area that was run by what I call the  French Celts and some came to Quebec.  Others say sub-clans of Allard joined in the area of the Anglo-Saxon (Norman) tribes of Britain.  Was first made into a last name when taxes were put upon people and the Coat of Arms granted to the Allard family is a silver shield with three red bars, on an azure canton a gold leopard’s face.I am unsure at this point its meaning.
  • the Allobroge tribe – A Gaul  Celtic tribe, Ceasar mentions them in ancient writings, “the Segusiavi were were the “first tribe outside the province” on “the far side of the Rhone.” SE France – near Lake Geneva. Ceasar said he marched from the Allobroges to the Segusiavi (the east bank of the Rhône & into the Roman province). The Greek Historian Plybius is the first to record a reference to the Allobroges. He tells how they  unsucessfully resisted Hannibal when he crossed the Alps in 218 BCE.  Apparently their major healing God was Borvo & not Apollo, as they were very Romanised.  Allobroges – means “white cow people” according to one lady but it is a word I believe, that comes from the Belgium or Spain area Celts.  If you split the name in Galacian essentially means Allo is “alternate” or “other” & broges becomes Broghan or Brogue = which means shoemaker lol. Bro means brothers.  So I believe it means Brothers of the shoemaker possibly.
  • the Ambarri tribe – Mid-France kinsmen of Aedui.
  • the Ambiani tribe – Norther France near Amiens.
  • the Ambiliati tribe – allies of Veneti
  • the Ambisonte tribe – lived in the Alps.. 
  • the Ambivareti (Ambivariti) tribe – Subclan of the Aeduii and lived North of Meuse R.
  • the Ambrone tribe – Celtic tribe that lived by Denmark, France and central Europe.
  • the Anacalite tribe – resided in SE England.
  • the Anani tribe – An Italian Celtic tribe living in Western Emilia, Po Valley.  The name Anani means cloud people I heard – don’t quote me.  if anyone comes up with proof otherwise let me know.  there is the (Anari) who lived in South Po Valley, not sure if its the same people branched.
  • the Anarte tribe – lived near the Danube.
  • the Andecavi tribe – (also Andicavi or Andes) were a people of ancient and early medieval Armorica.  Ceasar says they provided winter lodgings for Publius Crassus, who accomplished bringing several tribes into relations with Rome.  Lead by Dumnacus, in the huge war against Ceasar.
  • the Ande tribe – North lower Loire R.
  • the Aquitani tribe – Aquitania, south of Loire.
  • the Arevacian tribe – Spanish Celts in North Spain.
  • the Armoricani tribe – were a tribe living in the area now called Brittany and all along the coast up to Dieppe in Normandy.  These people still there in the Iron Age as what people now call Norse or Scandinavians but there is plenty of evidence that their earlier settlement, both Strabo and Poseidonius describe, as they belonged to the Belgae at one time.
  • the Arri tribe – according to Christine O-Keefe means fertile people.
  • the Arvaci tribe –
  • the Arverni tribe – Southern France by the Auvergne Mountains.  Gauls who had the famous Vercingetorix as their leader who was executed 46 B.C.E.
  • the Aquitani tribe – (Latin for Aquitanians) were a people living in what is still called Aquintane, France. The name Aquitanian seems to be related to an older form of a deity called Basque.
  • the Artrebates tribe – resided in Southern England and Northern France.
  • the Atuatuci tribe – France
  • the Aulerci tribe – Southern France
  • the Ausci tribe – Aquitanian tribe
  • the Averni tribe – violently opposed to the Romans. Lived in the elevated region in South central of France in mountains and plateaus.  One of the most powerful tribes of ancient Gaul.  During the 2nd and 3rd centuries they were guided by their King, Luernios.  It is written that either his son or his grandson, Bituitus, was defeated by the Romans in 123 BC, and there after the Aedui and Sequani became the dominant tribes.
  • the Baiocasses tribe – elected their leaders annually. The Baiocasses were located east of the Venelli and west of the Belgic Veliocasses. The latin name for their territory was the Pagus Baiocensis.
  • the Batavi tribe – Rhine delta. 
  • the Belgae tribe – Celtic tribes SW England, and Belgium.
  • the Belli tribe – mention of it, most likely a Belgium tribe.
  • the Bellovaci tribe – Northern France – again might be from Belgium.
  • the Bibroci tribe – lived in SE England. 
  • the Bigerrione tribe – S France
  • the Biturge tribe – Mid-France, Bourges
  • the Boii tribe – more of a nomatic tribe were in the Alps, Northern Italy, middle France, Austria but were originally in Bohemia. These are Germanic style Celts. Central Emilia-Romagna (Bologna).  They minted base gold, silver and billon (base silver) coins. Most of the coins show a Celtic male head on one side with a very elaborate hair style and on the other side a horse and chariot rider with a lyre above or below or else a boar.  A number of these are in existence.  They believed they were descendants of Belenus. Belinus ‘the shining one”, his name means bright or brilliant. Their name meant People of the Bull or Bull people. Bull is a common totem for the sun as well as other horned animals like the Stag. 
  • the Brannovice tribe – People of the Raven.
  • the Breuci tribe – lived in Yugoslavia area.
  • the Bretons –
  • the Brigantes tribe – is a very large tribe that were settled in Northern England from seas to sea.  These are the English or British Celts who came in 3rd to 6th centuries CE.  and were called Saxons because they came from region of old Saxony and does not refer to an ethnic group though there is still debate.  This Germanic language was spoken in Britain before the arrival of the Normans who spoke French – descendants of French Celtic tribes perhaps?  As time passed the two languages joined and made English – Anglo-Saxons.
  • the Britons (the Britanni tribes) – Southern England. Its is funny that the people living in England today (2000’s) call foreigners who move to England ‘Brits’ or ‘British’ although it is they the ‘English’ or the invading Anglo-Saxons that are the foreigners in reality. Original Britons were once Painted people too as even in 208, they were said to tattoo their bodies with coloured designs of all kinds of animals.
  • the Caerini tribe – also spelled Carini, lived in Sutherland area, west of the Cornavi.  Their name means People of the Sheep, especially the Ram.  (Here we see again a reference to zodiac or sky Gods)
  • the Caledonii tribe – also spelled Kaledonioi or Calidones means (firm, tough, severe and/or hardy) live from the Bay of Lemmanonia to above them the Caledonian forest.  Their name is still preserved in 9th Century Dun Chaillden and Schiechallon.  They were ‘world’ (Roman) renowned for their fighting skills.  Had Red hair and large limbs.  One of the leaders was called Calgacus (means swordsman). Also referred to as Picts in 367, it is believed they were also called Dicalidones.
  • the Cattraighe tribe – Eastern Lombardy (Brixia, Cremona).  Name means Cat folk.  The Shetland Isles earliest name was Insli Catt meaning Cat islands referring to the wild cat totem of this tribe.  This name is still survive but is now Caithness.  The Gaelic name for Sutherland is Cataibh meaning “among the Cats”.  The island is now showing strong evidence of Scandinavian population who mixed with the tribes there.
  • the Carnonacae tribe – also spelled Karnonakai.  Lived in the Creones.  Their name means trumpet or horn people but could also be referring instead to the rocky surroundings as their name is also similar to Welsh word for Carn or Cairn. It is a Scottish tribe.
  • the Cartagena or Carthagenians tribe – Spanish Celts are Ibernian Celtic mix.
  • the Cayvupnor tribe – (Name means Bear People – most likely Arthurian tribe or other Bear cult who focused on Bear constellation).
  • the Cenomani tribe – Eastern Lombardy (Brixia, Cremona)
  • the Cornavii tribe -Caithnessarea, means People of the horn or Horn People which meant of the horned one or horned animal.  They were strong believers in Kernnunos / Cernunnos.
  • the Creones tribe – Creones is of course Latin version Kreones (Gr.).  They are also referred to as  Cerones and lived north of the Epidi. My guess is that the Romans got it wrong and this was a sub clan under the same tribe as the Carnonacae and Caereni. Unfortunately, the meaning of their name is unknown but if I had to take an educated guess, being that the Celts identified with sky, land and animals as being descended from, so it could refer to a leader naming himself after Cernunnos or adipted from the regions itself and if so the closest Celtic word to it would be ‘pile of stones’ or ‘prominent stone’. 

(TO BE CONTINUED)

Brahva Cwmevos
(LaurieLee Mills)

SOURCE  http://theceltsat.blogspot.be

About sooteris kyritsis

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