( BEING CONTINUED FROM 8/11/15)
I. THE NOMINAL INFLEXION. DECLENSION.
The inflexional endings of the noun denote more distinctly a thing which the nominal stem describes indefinitely.
1. According to its sex as a person, or as a thing which may be regarded according to the analogy of the differ- ence of sex—a tree for instance, as a fruit-bearing thing, presents itself to the mind as female,—or expressly as wholly destitute of sex, that is neuter.
2. According to number as unity or plurality!
3. According to its relation to an action or motion expressed by the verb. The inflexions consist of signs of gender, case, and number. The dual is a variety of the plural. The vocative is not a case, but a mere nominal stem, and in the neuter and plural = the nominative. No alteration of the root or stem takes place in the inflexions of the noun, except such as the laws of sound demand when the inflexional suffix is added to the stem. The declensions of the pronouns show essentially weaker forms than those of the nouns.
XLV. Signs of Gender.
(TO BE CONTINUED)
A PHILOLOGICAL INTRODUCTION TO GREEK AND LATIN FOR STUDENTS.
TRANSLATED FROM THE GERMAN OF FERDINAND BAUR, DR. PH., Professor in Maulbronn
C. KEGAN PAUL, M.A., OXON, AND E. D. STONE, M.A., Late Fellow of Kings CollegfmuArMgi^ ** Assistant-Master at Eton
SOURCE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA