This website was created back in May 1997 by the Thetis Science for Art & History in the company’s activities in order to form the nucleus of an electronic space for the multidisciplinary approach of the Greek archaeological material and cultural information management.
It used to hosts the activities of Greek Archaeometry and other non-profit entities related with culture. It also provides online edition of Archaeometry Youth magazine – Archaeology and Arts. Because of the diverse research, projects and publications published on the site, it offered primary information for the comprehensive utilization by otherresearchers, archaeologists, conservators and those interested in the Greek Prehistory and Antiquity.
Hellenic Society of Archaeology
The Greek Society for Archaeometry (GSA) was a nonprofit Association founded on 1982. Its purpose was to promote the application of Science and Technology to the fields of Archaeology,History of Art and generally in all issues involving the cultural heritage. GSA members formed the overwhelming majority of scholars engaged in such activities, in Universities, Archaeological Service and Research Centers as well as in the private sector.
Since its founding in 1982, GSA activities included the organisation of three Conferences on Archaeometry in Greece (Athens 1990, Thessaloniki 1993, Athens 1996) as well as numerous seminars, public lectures and a detailed survey on Greek Archaeometry activities.
THETIS AUTHENTICS Ltd
It was formed in 1999 and originates from THETIS – Science and Techniques for Art-History-Conservation Ltd (1994-2000). The company offered products and services based on the application of scientific methods and techniques to cultural heritage.
Their services included expert opinion and consultancy with respect to authenticity tests, provenance and technology studies and the investigation of manufacturing processes through laboratory experiments. The laboratory and reproduction experiments were often performed in order to explore the functional use of archaeological objects (experimental archaeology).
THETIS also had interests in the field of conservation of ceramics, especially from the Archaeological Service Departments, and they helped to combine the provenience and technological studies of ceramics with conservation and replication.
The company’s policy was to deal with each project in an individual way by mobilizing the most suitable team of experts from the fields of Physical and Natural Sciences, Information Technology, Archaeology and Art History using its own facilities or in collaboration with Greek and Foreign Institutions.
Thetis was also active in the field of research focusing on the use and development of non-destructive analytical techniques for the analysis of Museum artifacts. It initiated, coordinated and participated in research programmes which are funded by non-profit organizations or partly by the GSRT / Ministry of Development.
Their products and services made use of both the modern technologies and the very traditional techniques:
Archiving and handling of data in archaeology and history of art by using web technologies, i.e. a webcentric data-base (1997) for the presentation of multidimensional information on a single screen including photos, videos, texts, dynamically generated XRF-spectra which was pioneering at the time.
This web site, also created in 1997, hosted the activities of the Hellenic Society of Archaeometry,the Conservation Laboratory of the Benaki Museum and other small non-profit societies dealing with the preservation of cultural heritage.
An obvious application of the knowledge produced from the studies and understanding of ancient technologies was the modern reproduction of ancient artifacts by following the original, ancient manufacturing processes.
Their products and services were addressed to the Greek and International markets and concern Public and Private Museums, the Greek Archaeological Service, Archaeological Schools, Private Collectors, Antique and Art Dealers, Conservators, Artisans, and Educational Institutions.
In the course of various application programmes they collaborated with The Museum of Cycladic Art, the Benaki Museum, The Metropolitan Museum NY, The Archaeological Museum of Nicosia, The Louvre Museum, the 1st & 11th Ephorates of Antiquities, The Wiener Laboratory of the American School for Classical Studies in Athens, the Society of Messenian Archaeological Studies, the University of the Aegean and ATTIKO METRO S.A., the Athens METRO company and other institutions.
I’ve always been interested in archaeology, and as I rebuilt this site, I will be detailing some amazing studies about the subject soon. Below is some awesome information that I have already published. You can access it by clicking through various topics.
Studying Archaeological Sites without Excavation
The geophysical technology has contributed significantly to the archaeological research through cartographic mapping of the subsurface monuments, reconstruction of endangered cultural sites, imaging of the built space of the archaeological sites and design upgrade of the excavations with main objective the protection of cultural heritage.
Using different methods and measurement instruments, geophysical surveys can be used as non-destructive techniques in different phases of archaeological research, providing information about the type of subsurface monuments, depth and scope and sometimes on occupancy levels or the nature of the disaster.
Through the measurement of the magnetic field of the earth, the electrical resistance or conductivity of the soil, the intensity of the gravitational field and the seismic acoustic waves or electromagnetic waves of ground penetrating radar to penetrate the subsoil and are reflected by the various targets or soil layers, it becomes possible mapping the subsurface monuments, which offers a unique way of imaging the archaeological relics prior or without conducting the excavation. The complex use of these methods allows the identification and cartographic mapping of built space of archaeological sites while providing additional information on the geomorphologic state of their context.
Targets of the New Geophysical and Remote Sensing Technology
Remains of buildings, architectural structures, roads, kilns, ceramic pits, fortifications, underground chambers, channels and tombs are some of the most promising targets of the above technology which is constantly testing its capabilities in new fields.
Considering the human and natural factors that threaten the cultural heritage and the irreversible effects of excavation, we realize that geophysical surveys are a tool of archaeological research that offers information in the most efficient, economical and productive way. Specifically, geophysical techniques can be used in a systematic or rescue excavations to guide them or offer an immediate assessment before execution of construction or development projects.
They can be used in surveys to answer questions related to the location of settlements and a cultural resources management programs in order to support operations related to the maintenance of buildings and planning cultural parks or protected areas. The geophysical techniques are unique digital recording of archaeological sites.
How Remote Sensing Technique Works to Better Archaeological Research
The archaeological interpretation is enhanced by the parallel use of innovative imaging techniques(Geographic Information Systems – GIS), which allow the reconstruction of three-dimensional models and superimposing different information levels before or during an excavation. In this way a digital file of the site is created, preserved in all study stages and which may contain additional information on the areas that have not been excavated. Even through GIS can be superimposed geophysical maps on aerial photography of the region or the general topographic cadastral or background that thus offering a more complete documentation of archaeological sites.
Because of the rapid rate at which technology progresses, for electronic machines and processing and visualization software, information on the growing applications of terrestrial and satellite remote sensing is done with great difficulty. Fortunately, in recent years, a general concern on education and information for researchers. From a sample of 60 of History, Archaeology and Anthropology Departments worldwide (information which is accessible from the Internet), about 50% offer specialized courses in the field of geophysical while 65% offer courses on satellite remote sensing, the GIS, the Graphics and CAD.
Also, in recent years have appeared several electronic databases on the Internet that offer applications examples, methodology, images and maps results, having considerably improve communication and dissemination of information among stakeholders in the area of remote sensing. Relevant websites include state / regional, academic / research and public or private databases.
These techniques have introduced a new way of approaching and understanding the archaeological research and can bring many benefits to stakeholders. To make better use of their potential need for their systematic incorporation into the general planning and reflection of archaeological research and the dissemination of their results with a specially structured way on the Internet. Thus, the adoption of these methods will be upgraded to the decision-making process and actions in matters concerning the protection and management of cultural resources.