TA TITANIA THERAPEUTERIA (b)


(BEING CONTINUED FROM 16/06/15)

image

IDENTITY OF TITANE
If the location of Titane has been successfully established, its identity is still a matter of
debate. What is not clear is the status of the site. The majority, if not all, of the scholars
who have referred to Titane, from L. Ross in 1840 to E. Meyer in 1939 to G. Roux in
1958, M. Jost in 1985, and finally to F. Graf in 1990, treat Titane as a city or even a city   state.
However, an exception is Audrey Griffin in 1982, who treats Titane as a sanctuary,
not a city. Accordingly, the fortified hill of Agios Tryphon is usually referred to as an  ‘acropolis’, and a lower wall along the northern edge of the terrace below the hill as a
‘city-wall’.1PAusanias,however, followed by Herodian and Eustathios, calls Titane simply
a χωριον  focuses on the Asklepieion  which stood there, adding that more people live
around it, most of whom are servants  of the god: περιοικουσι μεν δη και αλλοι και το πολυ οικεται του θεου (ii. 11. 6).” The term χωριον occurs in the Periegesis 173 times, in
the majority  of cases referring to specific  places in the country side most of them associated  with religious or mythological traditions.” I have found no instances where the word  χωριον used interchangeably with πολις,πολισμα, or κωμη, he Greek words for city,
town, and village respectively.Quite the opposite,Pausanias who refers 48 times to κωμαι
and 64 times to πολισματα, clearly distinguishes these from the χωρια. Accordingly, I
would argue that Titane was neither a πολισμα  nor a κωμη  but simply a sacred place in
Sikyonia with a settlement a round it. The existence of fortifications around the hill and
the lower wall can be explained by the topography of Titane and its location within the
territory of Sikyon, to which I will now turn.

TOPOGRAPHY OF THE SANCTUARY

image

image

THE SANCTUARY OF TITANE AND THE CITY OF SIKYON 281
terrace is supported to the north by a wall of ashlar blocks, almost 19 m long and preserved  today to an average height of 2 m (FIG5. ); in antiquity it must have stood higher since  blocks from it can be seen lying north and east of the wall. This is the wall that Rangabe,Meyer, and Roux interpreted as part of the fortification of the city. Moreover,Rangabe observed and drew another spur of it at the southern side of the terrace (marked -h- in his drawing reproduced in FIG. 6). Today, there are no remains of the southern part of an enclosure wall, and Rangabe’s description is so vague that it is not certain whether it  belonged to the same date as the stretch to the north or not.’6 Whatever the case may be,I would suggest that the extant northern stretch is part not of any city wall but of the peribolos of the sanctuary of Asklepios mentioned by Pausanias.

image

Within the peribolos and at the western side of the hill of Agios Tryphon, Krystalli-
Votsi has excavated a Roman bath complex, a building commonly found in healing
sanctuaries (FIG. 7).’7 We mapped two more in situ structures in this western terrace; a
cistern, 1.3 x 0.92 m, cut into the bedrock, and the remains of a rubble and mortar

image

image

image

image

image

(TO BE CONTINUED)

Departmenotf History,Archaeology and Social  Anthropology,University of Thessaly
YANNIS A. LOLOS

NOTES

image

image

image

image

image

image

image

About sooteris kyritsis

Job title: (f)PHELLOW OF SOPHIA Profession: RESEARCHER Company: ANTHROOPISMOS Favorite quote: "ITS TIME FOR KOSMOPOLITANS(=HELLINES) TO FLY IN SPACE." Interested in: Activity Partners, Friends Fashion: Classic Humor: Friendly Places lived: EN THE HIGHLANDS OF KOSMOS THROUGH THE DARKNESS OF AMENTHE
This entry was posted in ARCHAEOLOGIE and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s