ENGLISH WORDS OF NO APPARENT GREEK ORIGIN (MEROS IE)


(CONTINUED FROM  09/04/14)
Α)Ι ΝΟΣΤΡΙ ΔΙΑΛΕΤΤΙ ΣΟΝΟ ΙΝ ΣΚΡΙΤΤΙ ΚΙ ΟΥΖΑΝΟ ΛΕΤΤΕΡΙ ΔΙ ΑΛΦΑΒΕΤΙ  ΧΑΛΚΙΔΙΤΣΙ,   ΙΟΝΙΤΣΙ Ε ΚΙΡΙΛΙΤΣΙ

Β)DEN  PROSPATHOUME NA  APODEIKSOUME OTI TA PANTA PROERCHONTAI APO TOYS HELLEENAS ALLA NA TONISOUME,OTI SCHEDON OLA TA LEKSIKA STAMATOUN STEEN GALLIKEEN EE STEEN LATINIKEE LEKSIN KAI DEN ANAPHEROUN TEEN PRAGMATIKEE RIZA.

Γ)УИ  ДОНТ  ТРАИ ТО ПРУВ  ДАТ ЕВЕРИТИНГ  КОМЅ  ФРОМ ДЕ ГРИКС  БАТ УИ  ЕНТОНЕ  ДАТ АЛМОСТ ОЛ  ЛЕКСИКА-ДИКТИОНАРИЅ  СТОП ОН ФРАНЦ ОР  ЛАТИН УОРД ЕНД  АРЕН’Т  МЕНТИОНИНГ ДЕ РЕАЛ РУТ .

Etymology of pumpkin

Origin of pumpkin
Pumpkin is an alteration of pumpion (melon, pumpkin) from the French pompon, from the Latin peponem (nom. pepo) (melon), which is a transliteration of the Greek pepon (melon; πέπων)

In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) peponi: melon [πεπόνι]
.

Etymology of melon

Origin of melon

Melon comes from the French melon, from the Latin melonem (nom. melo), from melopeponem, (a kind of pumpkin), which is a transliteration of the Greek melopepon (gourd-apple) from melon (apple) + pepon (a kind of gourd).

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From the same root:

French: melon, melongene

Italian: melone, melanzana

Spanish: melon, pepon, melocoton

German: Melone, Melonendistel

In modern Greek (Romeika):

a) milo: apple [μήλο]

b) peponi: melon [πεπόνι]

c) melitzana: eggplant [μελιτζάνα]

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Post 147

Etymology of Melissa

Melissa is a fem. proper name, from the Ionic Greek melissa (honeybee; μέλισσα) (Attic melitta), from meli (honey; μέλι).

Variants: Mel, Melina, Melinda

In modern Greek (Romeika)
a) melissa: bee [μέλισσα]
b) meli: honey [μέλι]

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Origin of marmelade
Marmelade comes from the French marmelade, from the Portuguese marmelada (quince jelly, marmalade), from marmelo (quince) by dissimilation from the Latin melimelum (sweet apple), which is a transliteration of the Greek melimelon (μελίμηλον), from meli (honey; μέλι ) and melon (apple; μήλο).

From the same root:
Italian: marmelatta
Spanish: marmelada
German: Marmelade
_

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)

a) marmelada: marmelade [μαρμελάδα]

b) meli: honey [μέλι]

c) milo: apple [μήλο]

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Η marmelade (μαρμελάδα) προέρχεται από το ελληνικό μελίμηλο

Post 145.

Etymology of chimney.

Origin of chimney.
Chimney derives from the old French cheminee (fire place), from the late Latin (camera) caminata (fireplace, room with a fireplace) from the Latin caminatus, from caminus (hearth, oven, flue), which is a transliteration of the Greek caminos (furnace; κάμινος)

From the same root:

French: chiminee.

Italian: camino, camineto.

Spanish: chimenea, cheminea.

German: Kamin

In modern Greek (Romeika, the language of Romei/Romans/Ρωμηοί)

a) caminos or camini: furnace [κάμινος]

b) camineto: blowtorch [καμινέτο]

c) caminada: chimney [καμινάδα]

Το chimney (καπνοδόχος) προέρχεται από το ελληνικό κάμινος

Post 144.

Etymology of corner, horn and cerebrum

Origin of corner
The word corner comes from the Frenh corne (horn, corner), from the Latin cornu (projecting point, horn), which derives from the Greek ceras (horn).


From the same root:
English: cerebrum, cerebellum, cerebral, cornea, horn, horny
French: cor, corne, corner, cerf, cerveau
Italian: corno, cornare, cervo, cornamuza
German:
Horn

In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) ceras or cerato: horn [κέρας or κέρατο]
b) corna: (car) horn, klaxon [κόρνα]; loan word.
c) ceratoidis: cornea [κερατοειδής]



Other modern Greek words from the same root (in Greek): κάρα, κρανίο, κράσπεδο, κριός, κορυφή, κορύνα, κορυδαλλός, κόρυμβος κλ

Etymology of aegis

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Origin of aegis
The word aegis (protection) derives from the Latin ægis, which is a transliteration of the Greek Aigis, the shield of Zeus, related to aix (gen. aigos) “goat,” as the shield was of goatskin.

Under the aegis of someone: under the auspices of someone, under the sponsorship or protection of someone or some group.

.

In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) aegida: aegis [αιγίδα]
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Post 150.

Etymology of air

_____________________________________________________________

Origin of air.
The word air derives from the French air from the Latin aerem (nom. aer), which is merely a transliteration of the Gree aer (gen. aeros) “air” [αήρ].

From the same root:
air- (airbase, airborne, airconditioning, aircraft, air force, airline, airport etc);
aero- (aerobic, aerodrome, aerodynamics, aerology, aeroplane, aerosol, aerospace etc);
aerate, aeration, aerial, aerification, aerify, airing etc.

In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) aeras: air [αέρας]
b) aerodromio:
aerodrome, airport [αεροδρόμιο]
c) aeroplano: aeroplane [αεροπλάνο]
d) aerismos:
airing [αερισμός]
d) aeroscafos:
aircraft [αεροσκάφος]

Post 149.

Etymology of caliber

Caliber comes from the old French calibre (14c.), from the Arabic qalib “a mold, last”, which derives from the Greek calapous [Gr: καλάπους] “a shoemaker’s last” lit. “little wooden foot,” from calon “wood” + pous “foot”.

 
From the same root: calibrate, calibration.
In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) calapodi: a shoemaker’s last, a little wooden foot [Gr: καλαπόδι]

b) calibraro: calibrate [Gr:καλιμπράρω], loanword

Etymology of pedicure, pedestrian, pedicle, pedestal.

Pedicure, care of feet, from the French pédicure, from the Latin pes (gen. pedis) “foot” from the Greek Aeolic pous (gen. podos) “foot” + and curare (care) from the Greek verb coreo (take care of, clean).

From the same root: pedestrian, pedicle, pedestal, pedicurist, pedicular, foot.

In modern Greek (Romeika).

a) podi: foot [πόδι]

b) pezos: pedestrian [πεζός]

post 153.

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Etymology of foot.

The word foot comes from the Latin pes “foot” (gen. pedos), which derives from the Greek Attic pous “foot” (gen. podos; πούς).

In modern Greek (Romeika).
a) podi: foot [πόδι]
b) podosphero: football [podo- (foot) + spher (sphere, ball); ποδόσφαιρο]

post 152.

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Etymology of cane

Origin of cane

Cane comes from the the old French cane (reed, cane, spear) from the Latin canna (reed, cane), which is a transliteration of the Greek canna (cane, reed; Gr: κάννα).

From the same root:

cannon, cannelloni, can

In modern Greek (Romeika):

a) cannoni: cannon [Gr: καννόνι]

a) canni: gun barrel [Gr: κάννη]

c) cannelonia: cannelloni [Gr: καννελόνια]

d) cannula: tap, faucet [Gr: κάννουλα]

e) cannela: cinnamon [Gr: καννέλα]

f) cannata: jug, ewer [Gr: καννάτα]

Other Greek words from the same root: κάννιστρο (basket, canister), καννιά (legs), κανίσκι (basket).

Post: 158

Etymology of caramel

The word caramel comes from the Latin cannamellis from canna (cane) + mel/mellis(honey). Both words are merely transliteration of the Greek words canna [cane; Gr: κάννα] and mel [honey; Gr: μέλι]

In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) caramela: caramel [Gr: καραμέλα; loanword]
b) meli: honey [Gr: μέλι]
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Post 157
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Etymology of the word pizza.

 

Origin of the word pizza.
The word pizza comes from the Italian pizza, which derives from the Greek word pitta (cake, pie) from pissa [pitch; Attic: pitta] from peptos (cooked).

In modern Greek (Romeika):

a) pitsa : pizza [Gr: πίτσα]

b) pitta: pie [Gr: πίττα]

c) pitsaria: pizzeria [Gr: πιτσαρία]
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Post 156.

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http://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/pizza

Etymology of fidelity, faith, 

Origin of fidelity, faith, confidence, fiance.
Fidelity comes form the French fidelite from the Latin fidelis (faithful), from fides (faith, loyalty), from the verb fido (to trust), which derives from the Greek verb pitho (to persuade, to trust; Gr: πείθ-ω/πείθ-ομαι).

From the same root:
English: fiducial, faith, confidense, fiance, fiancee.
French: fidele, fiducie, fidelite, fier, fiancer, confiance, defier
Italian: fido, fidducia, fidarsi, diffidare, fidanzare, condidenza
Spanish: fiel, Fidel, fidelidad, fiar, fe, fianza, confianza
In modern Greek (Romeika):
a) pitho: to persuade [pith-o; Gr: πείθω]
b) pisti: faith [pist-i; Gr: πίστη]
c) empistevome: to trust [en-pist-evome; Gr: εμπιστεύομαι]
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Post 155.

(TO BE CONTINUED ) AUGOCTNOEDEC10

Some sources

1. Lemon GW. English Etymology or, a Derivative Dictionary of the English Language: in two Alphabets. Robinson G eds. London M.DCC.LXXXIII.
2. Valpy F.E.J. Dictionary of the Latin Language. Longman and Co. London, 1828.
3. Κούβελας ΒΑ. Ετυμολογικό και Ερμηνευτικό Λεξικό της Λατινικής Γλώσσας. Μακεδονικές Εκδ. Αθήνα, 2002, [ISBN 960-319-224-4].
4. Online Etymology Dictionary [ http://www.etymonline.com/ ]
5. Σταματάκος Ι. Λεξικόν της Αρχαίας Ελληνικής Γλώσσης. Εκδ. Δεδεμάδη. Αθήνα, 2006.
6. Τζιροπούλου-Ευσταθίου Α. Έλλην Λόγος. Εκδ Γεωργιάδης. Αθήνα, 2003, [ISBN 960-316-190-Χ].

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