CREATIVITY AND INNOVATION HAVE AS MOTHER THE APOORIA,ACCORDING TO HELLEENES WISDOM(E)


 

A)Runet: Why the Russian internet doesn’t need the West

Not much is known about Russia’s technology scene or ‘Runet’, the term used to describe the Russian language internet, and yet it’s keeping pace with Silicon Valley, finds Emma Barnett.

Last month I visited Moscow to help chair the country’s first English speaking technology conference (TechCrunch Moscow) and was pleasantly surprised to discover a very self-contained and self-sufficient industry.

The US technology giants, such as Google and Facebook, have a presence in the country, but unlike the majority of territories they have entered around the world, they have failed to dominate; Russian companies reign across search, social networking, digital media and email services.

Yandex, a Russian company founded in 1997, is the country’s most popular search engine, with 64 per cent market share, while Google lags behind in second place – a position the search king is not used to occupying outside of China.

But Yandex, like Google, has not just limited itself to providing speedy and relevant search results. It also provides Yandex Maps, Yandex Money (an e-payments system) and Yandex Photos. The list continues, but it has also come up with digital services bespoke for Russia’s needs, such as a phone app which shows where the traffic jams are occurring throughout the intensely congested streets of Moscow and beyond. In every taxi I took, before I decided to abandon the traffic and take to the beautiful underground system, the driver was held mesmerised by a combination of Yandex Maps and the Yandex traffic app.

Russia’s most popular email service and portal is Mail.ru, the Russian company most recently thrust into the spotlight after it floated on the London stock exchange with an approximate valuation of six billion dollars. The group, majority owned by Digital Sky Technologies, has also received a lot of international press due to its largest shareholder’s recent increased investment in Facebook of $50 million, and for its high profile investments in other hot digital properties such as the social gaming company, Zynga, responsible for popular games such as Farmville and most recently in Groupon, a popular group buying site.

Facebook is not even the most popular social network in Russia, despite its phenomenal global growth. Instead, Russians flock to Mail.ru-owned MoiMir (MyWorld) or vKontakte, which Mail.Ru also owns a 25 per cent stake in.

A similar pattern emerges with the consumption of blogs and digital media. SUP, a Russian online media company, is the parent of the some the country’s most popular sites: Gazeta.ru, Russia’s answer to the US internet newspaper – The Huffington Post, Championat.ru, the country’s most popular sports news site and LiveJournal.com, a blogging network.

So why can’t the US or any other country’s technology services steal the crowns of the equivalent Russian services?

Arkady Volozh, Yandex’s chief executive, thinks there are two reasons: “The language barrier is a big reason and lots of US companies are still playing catch up in this area. And there is the bigger reason – Russian technology is just as good, if not better than a lot of similar US companies. Yandex has been able to keep ahead of Google because of the quality of its search and other key services. People will only leave a service if the quality starts dropping. In Russia, we have strong technological capabilities which shouldn’t be undermined,” he explains.

This proven capability, coupled with the construction of Skolkovo, a large technology park currently being built in Moscow’s suburbs, with the full backing of Russia’s President Medvedev, certainly makes David Cameron’s Silicon Roundabout in London’s Shoreditch look a little meek in its bid to steal California’s tech crown.

However, the most interesting revelation of my trip was that none of the major Russian technology companies have any ambition for the foreseeable future to expand internationally. With only a third of Russia’s huge population online, Russian technology chiefs are understandably still excited about potential growth on home soil.

From an outsider’s point of view, it is incredibly striking how Russia’s developers look out and learn from the rest of the world’s progress in areas like social networking and search, while very few technology companies in the West seem to be looking in and paying attention to the impressive innovations happening right across Runet.

By Emma Barnett

SOURCE   http://www.telegraph.co.uk

 

B)Does Windows Have One Foot In The Grave?
Shaylin Clark

Does Windows’ dropping web market share mean that Windows is dying?
Fifteen years ago Microsoft’s Windows operating system reigned supreme in the computer world. Windows enjoyed near ubiquity in both the business and consumer computing markets. Challengers to Microsoft’s hegemony were few and paltry. Apple, Microsoft’s perennial rival, was in dire straits. Steve Jobs had only just returned to the company, which was had a long, hard road ahead on its return to profitability. In fact, it was largely through Microsoft’s aid that Apple survived, thanks to the release of Microsoft Office for Mac and Microsoft’s purchase of $150 million in non-voting Apple stock.
Thanks to Windows, Microsoft’s supremacy in the computing industry was virtually unassailable, and remained so for many years. Now, however, though Microsoft itself remains strong, there are indications that the Windows platform may be in decline. First, we have the fact that Windows revenue dropped 6% in the last quarter to $4.74 billion. During the same quarter Microsoft as a whole saw a revenue increase of 5% (to $20.89 billion). The Entertainment & Devices Division, responsible for the Xbox 360, grew 15% to $4.24 billion, and the Online Services Division (responsible for Bing) grew 10% to generate $784 million. So, in a quarter when Microsoft as a whole, and virtually every division within Microsoft, saw significant revenue growth, Windows declined.

Could Windows really be on the way out? Is Microsoft shifting its focus to other platforms at the expense of Windows? Have you noticed a decline in Windows use in your business? Let us know in the comments.
Meanwhile, Apple has seen enormous growth during the same time that Windows has declined. While Windows declined 5% in the last quarter, the revenue  generated by OS X grew 5% during the same quarter, and grew an amazing 22% over the previous year. What’s more, Apple’s company-wide revenue in the last quarter was more than double that of Microsoft during the same period. While Microsoft generated $20.89 billion in revenue, Apple generated a staggering $46.33 billion.
That’s not all, though. A recent study by Chikita has found that the Windows operating system’s web browsing market share has dropped by nearly 7% in the last six months. In August of 2011 Microsoft’s web browsing market share was 78.3%. As of February it has dropped to 71.4%.

SOURCE  http://www.WebProNews.com /2012

 

C)CC

Founding

Founded in 2001 with the generous support of the Center for the Public Domain, CC is led by a Board of Directors comprised of thought leaders, education experts, technologists, legal scholars, investors, entrepreneurs and philanthropists.

Creative Commons licenses

In December 2002, Creative Commons released its first set of copyright licenses for free to the public. Creative Commons developed its licenses —inspired in part by the Free Software Foundation’s GNU General Public License (GNU GPL) — alongside a Web application platform to help you license your works freely for certain uses, on certain conditions; or dedicate your works to the public domain.

In the years following the initial release, Creative Commons and its licenses have grown at an exponential rate around the world. The licenses have been further improved, and ported to over 50 jurisdictions.

Science

Since 2005, Creative Commons has undertaken projects to build commons-based infrastructure for science through identifying and lowering unnecessary barriers to research, crafting policy guidelines and legal agreements, and developing technology to make research, data and materials easier to find and use.

Education

Creative Commons also works to minimize legal, technical, and social barriers to sharing and reuse of educational materials, with dedicated projects in this field since starting in 2007.

Global infrastructure for sharing

Creative Commons licenses, public domain tools, and supporting technologies have become the global standard for sharing across culture, education, government, science, and more.

CC in a world of worthy causes

Ryan Merkley, November 6th, 2014

Creative Commons wasn’t done after we created our first license suite, or even after hundreds of millions of licensed works were shared. The web is changing — and so are the ways we get, share, and use content — so we’re trying new things.

One new idea is our mobile app, The List, supported by a prototype grant from the Knight Foundation. The List app will allow users to make lists of wanted images, or submit requested photos to a global archive of images, all licensed CC BY. We’ll release a public beta in the next few months.

We’re also still active in areas where we can make a huge difference, like open educational resources (OER). We’ve been helping foundations and governments adopt open policies and exploring new ways of licensing scientific data. Teachers and learners everywhere — from Kenya to Canada — are reaping rewards of shared information and knowledge, with huge savings.

All of that work, old and new, is supported by a small team, and a lot of inspired supporters and volunteer advocates, including more than 100 affiliate teams in 75 countries. Our licenses have become the global standard for legal sharing, and they underpin many of the most well-known media platforms on the web.

If Creative Commons plays a role in how you use the internet or share your work, please consider making a gift to support the organization. Our licenses are (and will remain) free, so developing a stable funding stream to support sharing has always been a challenge. A generous — but small — group of individual donors has always supported us. Let’s grow that number and work together to build a better internet and world.

As you’re considering which charities to support this year, please take a moment to reflect on what we’ve built together these past 12 years, and the challenges we face in copyright reform, open access, and building an open web for everyone to learn and create.

In a world of worthy causes, it’s our job to demonstrate the value of CC to individuals, governments, institutions, and corporations. And especially to you.

Please support us and help us spread the word.

Sincerely,
Ryan

PS: In a few weeks, we’ll be releasing information about the state of the commons — our most accurate assessment to date. Watch for it.

Support Creative Commons

SOURCE  https://creativecommons.org/

About sooteris kyritsis

Job title: (f)PHELLOW OF SOPHIA Profession: RESEARCHER Company: ANTHROOPISMOS Favorite quote: "ITS TIME FOR KOSMOPOLITANS(=HELLINES) TO FLY IN SPACE." Interested in: Activity Partners, Friends Fashion: Classic Humor: Friendly Places lived: EN THE HIGHLANDS OF KOSMOS THROUGH THE DARKNESS OF AMENTHE
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