The Earliest Maps of Earth (Piri Reis, Oronce Fine, Gerardus Mercator, Philippe Bauche and other cartographers) were Charted in the Palaeogene
In many ancient texts Jambudvipu environed by oceans is very detailed described – an ancient continent having a rounded form and stretched in the south to India (or to Tibet which was in this place before India). In its central part there was Meru mount (Sumeru) identified with the world centre, or the North pole. Such continent only Hyperborea cold be and only in the Paleocene time (when there was no inner sea in its central part yet) or in the Eocene time (when Meru mount was in the middle of an inner sea).
In any event, it was not earlier than 65,5 million years and not later than 34 million years ago (most likely, not later than 45-40 million years ago)…
The very detailed description of geography of this continent in the Old Indian literature speaks that there existed then some highly-developed civilization on it which had excellent cartographers and has managed to save data about this country during subsequent 40 or even 60 million years.
А. Koltypin “Battles of ancient goods”
Marking out (separating out) the most suitable for life in the Paleocene and Eocene epochs of the Palaeogene period (65,5-34 million years ago) continents in the extreme north and south parts of the terrestrial globe – Hyperborea and Antarctica, climatic conditions of which matched featured in legends about the “Golden Age” ones, allows to look in an absolutely new fashion at the saved till our time maps of Hyperborea by Ger(h)ardus Merkator (1554) and Antarctica by Piri Reis (1513), Oronce Fine (1531), Hadzhi Ahmed (1559), Phillippe Bauche (1737) and other cartographers and navigators.
Philippe Bauche map
Let’s start from maps of Antarctica. On P. Bauche’s map entirely free from ices Antarctica is shown, and water space parting it on two big islands, comparable with Greenland, is described in the middle of the mainland at that. Such pattern could be characteristic only prior to the beginning of the Oligocene epoch (34-30 million years ago) when in the East Antarctica glaciers had begun to take shape. According to some explorers , the first traces of glaciation had occurred on the southern continent even earlier – in the middle of the Eocene epoch (45-42 million years ago). However, data in this respect is not too convincing, besides, they contradict to finds in Antarctica subtropical Eocene floras.
Oronce Fine map
On O. Fine’s map Antarctica with ice-free shores, mountains and rivers is imaged. The relief of the central part of the map is not marked out that could be related as to availability in this area a small Polar cap, and to some other reasons. According to materials of geological investigations, glaciation of Antarctica with a polar cap forming had started in the beginning of the Miocene epoch of the Neogene period (23 million years ago). During the Early Miocene temperate climate remained on the larger part of this mainland and only to the middle of the Miocene (about 13 million years ago) an ice-cap had locked the bulk of this continent. Therefore, O. Fine’s map, most likely, corresponds to 23 – 13 million years ago’ time.
Piri Reis map
On P. Reis’s map Antarctica is shown jointed to South America. Differentiation of these mainlands, according to the majority of explorers, had originated or at the Eocene and Oligocene boundary (34 million years ago), or at the boundary between the Palaeogene and Neogene periods (23 million years ago). Means, the original of this map had been charted not earlier this time.
Thus, all three listed maps of Antarctica define the time of their charting from 34, perhaps 42-45, till 23-13 million years ago, that is they are proper for the end of the “Golden Age”, or the period following it at once.
Gerardus Mercator Map of Hyperborea
Let’s view now the map of Hyperborea of G. Merkator. The continent located on-site of the Arctic ocean with an inner sea which is divided into four parts by larger rivers or channels is marked out on it. There are no traces of glaciation on this continent and situated in the neighbourhood with it Greenland and islands of the Arctic ocean. The first glaciers had occured in Arctic regions approximately in the middle of the Miocene epoch of the Neogene period (16-10 million years ago). Means, G. Merkator’s map defines about the same time, as P. Bauche, O. Fine and P. Reis’s maps.
Hyperborea – the Northern native land of mankind
Availability in the Paleogene and, perhaps, Early Neogene (Miocene) near the northern and the southern poles of Earth big mainlands – Hyperborea and Antarctica, which were situated in zones of warm, subtropical and tropical climates and were covered by broad-leaved, subtropical and tropical vegetation, in a combination with perpetually shining or for a short while hiding for horizon the sun, confirms numerous legends that the mankind cradle was in the northern, and, perhaps, and in the southern, polar latitudes. Therefore, the most suitable places for searching of remnants of our far forerunners are not Africa or Asia where remnants of Australopithecuses, Pithecanthropuses, Sinanthropuses and others apelike “grandparents of men” had been found, and are the bottom of the Arctic ocean and hidden by ice the rock bed of Greenland, northern polar islands and Antarctica! But today they are hidden from eyes of explorers. Probably, therefore we do not know till now “in a face” our true grandparents, and we are content with that we begin our genus from a monkey.
Map of Hyperborea by G. Merkator (1554). In the works “The earliest maps of Earth (Piri Reis, Oronce Fine, Gerardus Mercator, Philippe Bauche and other cartographers) were charted in the Palaeogene” and “When did grow forests and flow rivers in Antarctica? Once again about the age of Piri Reis, Oronce Fine and Philippe Bauche’ maps” I have shown that such outlines the northern mainland could have only in the Eocene epoch (58 or 55-34 million years ago), and, perhaps, even in the beginning of this period.
Hyperborea – the northern native land of mankind. It is also Svarga or Blue Svarga from Indian and Slavonic legends. It is also Jambudvipa from ancient Indian and Buddhist texts.
How much investigations were spent to prove the existence of mysterious Hyperborea. How much different judgements exist where is to search its remains. And all is vain – the northern mainland persistently does not wish to open the secrets.
Great volume of my investigations and considerable part of my books “Disappeared inhabitants of the Earth” and “Battles of ancient gods” somehow or other too relate to Hyperborea. And I very much hope that I managed to approach at least a little to the solution of its secret.
The basic error of the majority of explorers of this mysterious mainland is their initial confidence that Hyperborea existed ten thousand years ago and has perished in the result of the great catastrophe and the deluge which occured approximately 12 thousand years ago.
However, geological investigations of Arctic regions and deep sea drilling of a bottom of the Arctic ocean have convincingly shown that at this time there were no large massifs of land in the north. If life still existed here (and judging by historical evidences and archeological excavations related to migration of Indo-Aryans southerly, it really existed) this life should concentrate on small islands heated with thermal sources and active volcanoes (as I considered earlier in the boook “Battles of ancient gods”), or on a margin or the shelf of Eurasia which 15-25 thousand years ago was above the sea level (as I consider now in the work “Last days of the Great Northern civilization…”).
But in the Paleocene and the beginning of the early Eocene (65,5-55 million years ago) Hyperborea (Svarga, Jambudvipa) was situated not only on the bulk of Arctic regions, but also on the considerable extents of Europe, North America and Asia, stretching out even to Tibet!
And it seems that during this time the great civilization of white gods – Adityas together with “celestial musicians and dancers” Gandharvas and Apsaras and “great wise men” Vidyadharas, Charanas and Siddhas resided on it.
At this time (and only at this time) around the modern North pole, according to deep-sea drilling, palm-trees grew and pineapples, mangos and avocados ripened – and about this it is repeatedly spoken in descriptions of Hyperborea!